Cambodia: The Lotus Revolution’sEruption
by the Popular Tsunamis!
The Lotus Revolution is already erupting! It was born first in innocence, with
children of 15 Boeung Kak residents arrested and imprisoned in Prey Sar, because of demonstration to defend their housing rights. It resumed its momentum in non-violence, with Boeung Kak residents and Borei Keila, when Ms. Yorm Bopha of Boeung Kak and Ms. Tim Sak Mony of Borei Keila , were arrested and jailed in Prey Sar, for reasons of incitement to violence in demonstrations with assault and battery… The Punch King Sihamoni and the Stamp-National Assembly have not dared to receive their petition to the Government. But the King has the time to visit the Viet Nam, from 24 to 26 September 2012, to meet president Truong Tan Sang at the 45th anniversary of diplomatic relations between these 2 countries! Shame to him and to the National Assembly, because many foreign embassies including the Japan… have agreed to receive the letter and promised to deliver it to the khmer Government! In Cambodia, the people cannot be trusted to the King, nor the Government, nor the National Assembly and nor for the Court. And, since the arrest and imprisonment of M Mam Sonando, owner of the Radio Sambok Khmum and president of The Association of Democrats, July 15, 2012, for reason of encouraging the expelled and expropriated from their land to the secession in Kratie province (Kompong Dam Rey commune, Prama village), the Revolution was more combative and more structured. It requires the neutrality of the tribunal and the unconditional release of M Mam Sonando, symbol of the freedom of expression, the struggle for the independence and territorial integrity of Cambodia. At the Phnom Penh court, from 11 to 14 September 2012, Mam Sonando was quoted by intimidation, in an ‘Achilles’ case of Hun Sen : M.Suon Serey Ratha of the KPPM (Khmer People Power Movement) filed a complaint for crimes against humanity at the ICC against the CPP Hun Sen regime, June 22, 2012, in Holland, in the Hague, where Mr Mam Sonando was present to collect information as a journalist for his Sambok Khmum radio! The sentence has been given the 1st October 2012 : imprisonment of Mr Mam Sonando for 20 years in Prey Sar!U.S. Department of State has demanded his immediate release. To be fair, how many years of prison, should an independent tribunal of the people condemn Hun Sen and leaders of the Kingdom, for treason, corruption and other charges…? The Revolution of Lotus will continue its road to the final victory. Only the liberation of Cambodia from the yoke of the Viet Nam, the overthrow of the dictatorship and the installation of a free regime in Cambodia will be able to globally settle all these issues such as the independence of the Court, respect for the human rights, housing rights, free expression, rights of conscience, strikes and demonstrations, etc…!
I.Genesis of The Lotus Revolution.
We foresaw the eruption of the Lotus Revolution as the Jasmine Revolution outpouring Tunisia, early 2011. We felt the need for Cambodia and even it will be more imperative than the Arab Revolution in Tunisia, Egypt… Because the restoration of the 1993 2nd monarchy in Cambodia has been nibbling territorially and annexed illegally by the Communist, Viet Nam due to selfish Sihanouk and Hun Sen, khmer rouge turned puppet dictator!
This harmful and unnecessary 2nd monarchy and the Khmer rouge communist CPP – Hun Sen traitor together are the 2 main causes of Lotus Revolution. It gushed from several fronts : Cambodia-Vietnam border negotiation, Khmer surrendered Islands (Koh Tral and Koh Krachak Sés), historic waters and continental rights not defended and violated, Court in the service for the rich and for the CPP Hun Sen (to imprison political, trade unionists, workers, teachers, peasants, opposats civilians, Buddhist monks…), military generals usurping villagers’ lands, police manu militari combat demonstrators, corrupt ministers and worm-eaten or disinterested officials because they cannot survive by lower wages, impunity of the rich and leaders, corrupt Cambodia Development Council (CDC) delivering ore, agricultural or other land concessions and contracts…, for 70 to 99 years, to thug investors, domestic and foreign, including Chinese and Vietnamese…, uncontrolled Vietnamese settlers and illegal civilian and military immigrants becoming Khmer citizens, holding voting cards and national identity cards, better protected than Cambodians of origin, in 24 provinces of the Kingdom. These causes exacerbated by unpunished murder, day by day, which those of Chhut Vuthy, environmentalist advocate, and Hang Serei Ouddom, journalist of Vireak Chun Khmer newspaper reporting about the deforestation mafia in Rattanakkiri province, found dead in the trunk of his car early September 2012. He was the 10th journalist killed since 1994, according to CCHR & SEAPA! Most of the suspected political crimes have been abandoned without reply as without reliable investigations…! These popular tsunamis were born from these landslides social and political tectonic plates and their volcanic tremors making exit to throw their bubbling larvae, their ash flows and devastating fumes! Activists of the international working organization (ILO) held symbolically in Paris, London, Amsterdam, Copenhagen, Brussels, Warsaw …, the scene of mass fainting of the Cambodian workers too tired, under-nourished because underpaid working in factories where the working conditions are very poor, to make garments for international brands such as Gap, H & M, Levi’s, Zara… Rong Chhun , trade unionist head, after participating in the demonstration of salary revendiactions with these workers, was summoned twice by the Court for cause of defamation and incitement to strike, brought by the Tay Yang company!…
This necessary Revolutionwill inevitably bedeadly,because the Viet Nam will not want to leave Cambodia, and PPC – Hun sen may not wish to abandon power:
- · The main concern will therefore to know how to handle it without making too many victims.
- · And be careful of its confiscation by Khmer opportunists and traitors, in this case of royalo-Communist Khmer Rouge sino-vietnamized.
- · Clearly, the Lotus Revolution aims 2 objectives: overthrow the CPP Hun Sen regime and liberate Cambodia from Viet Nam, before the end of 2012, date provided for by the Viet Nam and the CPP Hun Sen to finalize the implementation of 375 posts demarcating the new frontier of 1270 kms between the 2 countries. (Hun Sen planned of change the 1993 Constitution to finalize his betrayal. He had done with Ranariddh to create the Senate and offer its Presidency to Chea Sim. He did with Sam Rainsy to govern the Kingdom with the formula of 50% + 1,…).
- · For lack of the dictatorial regime overtrhrow on the planned date, the people should make the total boycott of the elections on 28 July 201 3, to no longer give legislative power to CPP Hun Sen or other accomplices opposition parties.
- · The failure of the Revolutionis banned, if not other large disasters will fall on our head: Cambodia is politically, democratically and economically already on decades behind the neighbouring States…!
II.Legitimacy ofThe Lotus Revolution.
Cambodia has 3 major challenges . 1st , it is the khmer territorial annexation by the Viet Nam. The 2nd , it is the overthrow of the dictatorship of the royalo-Communist khmer rouge regime. The 3RD, it is the building of a new State on new bases!
1.The Vietnamization of Cambodia.
It is due to the stupidity of the treacherous Khmer leaders on all sides. Indeed, taking advantage of its invasion of Cambodia late 1978 – early 1979, the Viet Nam imposed on puppet team Pen Sovan, Heng Samrin, Chea Sim and Hun Sen …, 4 treaties :
1.Treaty of Peace, Friendship and Cooperationof 17 February 1979, for a period of 25 years, tacitly renewed each time for 10 years, signed by Pham Van Dong, President of the Vietnamese Government, and Heng Samrin, Chairman of the Revolutionary Council of people’s Republic of Kampuchea.
2 Treaty of July 07, 1982 , were the areas of territorial waters and historic waters, signed by Hun Sen and Nguyen Co Thach, Ministers for Foreign Affairs in Ho Chi Minh City. Cambodia lost Koh Tral and the group of Krachak Ses islands (Poulo Panjang), and 30 000 km2 in maritime area and 10,000 km2 of historic waters. This Treaty was disputed by Singapore in its notes to the United Nations of December 5, 1986Under this Treaty, after the coup by Hun Sen on 5-6 July 1997, the Viet Nam concluded with the Thaiilande, without the knowledge of Cambodia, a division of territorial waters Treaty of 11 August 1997 annexing each 1/3 of the water of the Cambodia area (95 000 km 2).Hun Sen publicly denounced this bilateral agreement, on 7 May 1998 !
3 Treaty of 20 July 1983on the Principles of resolution of the issues, borders and Agreement on the status of the border areas signed by Nguyen Co Thach and Hun Sen, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, in Phnom Penh.
4.Treaty of 27 December 1985on the delimitation of boundary signed by Hun Sen and Nguyen Co Thach, Ministers of Foreign Affairs, in Phnom Penh, using both maps 1: 100 000 and 1 / 50, 000 contrary to the stipulation of the Constitution of Cambodia 1993.
The cancellation of these 4 major Cambodia – Vietnam treaties should be finalized in 1993,after Cambodia had its King, its Government and other Institutions in accordance with the Constitution. Alas, because our leaders are all traitors, we did not see come this cancellation. Hun Sen, the traitor, had even threatened to abolish this 2nd monarchy if King Sihamoni did not sign the additive Treaty of 2005 to validate these old treaties! So the people see it well as Khmer royalty still favors selfish ambitions at the expense of the interests of the nation, in contrast to the currency of the Kingdom: nation, religion, King!
21 years afterThe Paris Agreement of 23 October 1991,under 5 articles ( Article 1– Cambodia must Cancel the Treaties to defend its sovereignty. ) Art.2 . The other signatories which the Viet Nam or the Thailand should resepect this sovereignty. Art.3. Cambodia must the human rights respect. Art.4 . The signatories must not leave a country violating Cambodia. Art.5 .For territorial and the Human rights violations, the signatories and 2 co-chairs have to take steps to resolve peacefully or recourse to the United Nations and the Security Council ), the khmer people obviously found that their leaders have betrayed them: they have not respected the Agreement. However, these royalists and Communists did think about their personal interests:
1- Restoration of the 2nd monarchy, for the royalists and Sihanouk,
2- Control of all the powers, for Communists and Hun Sen .
And, they all become the puppets of Viet Nam,whether or not they want to do so !
In fact, Sihanouk, Son San, Ranariddh, Chea Sim, Heng Sam Rin, Hun Sen, Sam Rainsy, Kem Sokha and other royalo – Communist … concocted the restoration of this 2nd monarchy, without the knowledge of the people, under the blessing of the Viet Nam who hoped to annex portions of Khmer territories such as premium. These traitors have never taken the time to liberate their homeland, in accordance with the Paris peace agreement of 23 October 1991. Sihanouk too selfish thinks only to protect his current monarchic prerogatives. He has never dared to set it clearly when he had all the powers in his hands. Hun Sen, alas, has no nationalist courage nor freedom to resolve by submitting it to the international community. He does therefore not resolve it for the profit of his homeland, but only to achieve territorial annexations by Hanoi.
Who canshoot down the dictatorship?
It is only the people!By the Lotus Revolution! By popular tsunamis!And not by elections of July 28, 2013! If the people rises, they will win! Nothing can resist them ! The Viet Nam is not afraid of the CPP Hun Sen nor this 2nd monarchy Shanouk, nor the royalo-Communist opposition politicians.The Viet Nam’s afraid only of the Cambodian people, in the case of their Refvolution.The October 23, 1991 Paris peace agreement is not dead! The Indochina 1954 Geneva agreement remains in force! Only the Vietnamese aggressors and Cambodian traitors have flouted them! The Chinese people manifested themselves to protect a remote island (Senkaku-Dias) occupied by Japan! Why the Hun Sen regime banned the khmer people to defend the borders and protect Koh Tral and Koh Karchak Ses occupied by the Viet Nam? Elections of July 28, 2013 will be that continue this Vietnamization! The proposals of Mr Surya Subedi, the special envoy of the United Nations, to reform as they relate to elections, lead nowhere as to the liberation of Cambodia and the overthrow of the dictatorship. They were all rejected by Hun Sen! Hun Sen even taunted the determination of the Khmers of Kampuchea Krom in their claim of autonomy of Cochinchina transferred June 4, 1949 by the France to Baodai.
Dare we buryroyalo-Communist khmer rouge dictatorial system!Through history, independence, freedom and respect for human rights were obtained primarily by bloody claims, sometimes by murderous Revolutions! The electoral promises of the royalo-Communists (PPC & NHP) come under from their selfishness and politicking. Power and the opposition leaders are in fact two sides of the same traitor royalo-Communist khmer rouge regime thrall to China and the Viet Nam. During the visit of the King Sihamoni at the Viet Nam from 24 to 26 September 2012, M Truong Tan Sang, Vietnamese president expressed his desire to see the Royal family and the CPP working effectively to ensure the safety of the Vietnamese settlers and its policy in Cambodia. The Khmer people already lost too much time, too many lives and too many Territories. After the victory of the Revolution, we have to invent a new regime, by democracy, inspired by universal values!
III.Lotus Revolution & Popular tsunamis.
The root causes are so in this 2nd monarchy grafted as a gui on the dictatorship of the CPP Hun Sen. Several sources of popular volcanoes are already bubbling: the liberation of Cambodia, dictatorship, human rights, democracy, social justice, land redistribution, health, education, labour, the trafficking of drugs and human organs, the poverty, the corruption of leaders, the injustice of Court, the mafia, the impunity, land expropriation, the invasion of Vietnamese settlers …
Here are the 2 stages of the Revolution :
1.The people will have to throw down all supports (individuals, national or foreign institutions …) of the dictatorship, and that by all means. For each support, a tsunami! Ms. Tep Vanny of Boeung Kak, in desperation, organized the ceremony of curses, with flowers of the lotus and the sticks of incense, to cast bad luck on corrupt of public service employee who are the cause of their forcible eviction! Khmer people will manifest themsleves like Ms. Tep Vanny, with Lotus flowers and lighting sticks of incense, in ceremonies of curses against the corrupt non-independent tribunal under the control of Hun Sen arresting and arbitrarily imprisoning Mr Mam Sonando, Ms Yorm Bopha and Tim Sak Mony in Prey Sar. The khmer people would peacefully pply this policy of the Revolution of Lotus until obtaining the complete independence from the Viet Nam and the fall of the dictatorship. These protected and unpunished civilian or armed groups are the causes of all the misfortunes of the population! Each category social victim will have to develop its own strategy of its tsunami with its own (expelled residents of BoeungKak, Borei Keila, Prey lang, textile workers and supporters of Mam Sonando have already shown the example…). The people and the diaspora shall provide solidarity. During the revolutions, friends, cliques and minions of the regime fell one after the other. Military, armed and diplomatic supports… rallied often belatedly, by individual or collective defections…, to the ranks of the revolutionaries! Victims groups should act openly, always peacefully and with flowers of Lotus and incense in hands, like the inhabitants of Borei keila, Boeung Kak, Prey lang, textile workers, the Association of Mam Sonando Democrats … to avoid any secret eliminations . Do not expect too much, lonely like the leopard or together as wolves or ants, because if supports will have been shaken faster, faster system totters!
2.If the people fail in 1st step (which is predictable given the extent of the dictatorship…) they still have the final and generalized July 28, 2013 election boycott ! This will be the very great civil generalized disobedience! The victory will be to the rendez-vous and in phase with the evolution of the world: because the people there will act as a driving force of popular tsunami. The fall of the regime will mechanically break-up its supporters and vice versa. It is the theory of dominoes or snowball effect !
B.Time of Revolution!No-Elections!
Here is what will be the Cambodia in the aftermath of the July 28, 2013 elections:
a. /CPP-Hun Sen win surely these elections, even with the unlikely façade redesign of CNE (his fraud tool) requested by the opposition. The CPP Hun Sen have never political will so that the real Khmer inside and outside the country are participating in these elections!. The Viet Nam will participate very actively in this campaign: officials of the VOV (voice of the Viet Nam) have already finalized it with Khieu Kanharith, Minister of information, September 24, 2012, for the period of 2013- 2016. Everything will remain such and nothing will change (dictatorship, Vietnamese colonization and rule of non-right…).
b. /The CNRP wins (unrealistic assumption…) or advances in voice. This will be the status quo. Indeed, everything is already in the hand of the CPP State. The opposition will have no hold on this State. This will be a non-national political event! Vietnamese colonization will be consolidated even more. The CPP Hun Sen dictatoship will be strengthened with its 48 seats in the Senate on 11 to the SRP.The CPP controls 1592 town halls on 40 to the opposition. The CNRP will be able to win a few crumbs of legislative power, but the country and the people will continue to suffer. The CNRP therefore plays the vietnamese game of CPP, without daring to tell the people. Hun Sen uttered threatening blackmail that other small parties will share votes in the case where the opposition will boycott the elections of July 28, 2013. In fact, The Lotus Revolution will campaign for boycott precisely among voters to do not vote for the PPC or the opposition! As defender of the 2nd monarchy, CNRP has no real policy of liberation. This Kingdom has already been annexed by the Viet Nam, the khmer people will therefore have to dare to deliver The Lotus Revolution taking account of their tragic past with more than 3 million deaths under the Khmer Rouge regime. Why the Lotus Revolution? This is to reduce the lethal effect, by Buddhist tolerance!
a.The pillars brought down & the dictatorship will fall.
Currently, all the machinery of the State are in the hands of Hun Sen. His personal bodyguards between 5 to 7 thousands; Vietnamese soldiers (more than 100,000) as civilians ; Vietnamese settlers , national identity cardholders , disseminated throughout the country for useful votes; mobile voters came from the Viet Nam the polling day. These military staff, agents, experts and assistants, illegal immigrants or visible administratively, received concessions ores, rubber lands and agriculture along the borders, for 70 to 99 years, where they employ only their compatriots. The economy, cultural of Angkor tourism (Apsara authority in the hands of Sok An and Sokimex managed by Sok Kong), air transport (Cambodian Angkor Air, Viet Nam Airline), banks (Bank of Investment and Development of Cambodia, BIDC, subsidiary of Bank of Investment and Development of Viet Nam, BIDV ), industry, telecom (Metfone, Viettel…), building, construction, mechanics, agriculture (Viet Nam Rubber Group, Z-38 Group…), fisheries, retailer (Sieu Thi Supermarket) , medical services… are in the hand of the Vietnamese. At least, they are 5-7 million (Sar Kheng, Deputy Prime Minister for the Interior, never dared neither confirm it nor deny it). The tribunal is under the orders of Hun Sen, who used it to charge political opponents, workers of NGOs. It had arrested Mam Sonando on 4 indictment charges fabricated including incitement to secession…and put him in prison. While Chhouk Bandit, the Governor of Bavet, which was shot and injured 3 Svay Rieng textile mills workers, remained free. Chhouk Bandit is a member of the CPP, linked to Ms. Men Sam An, Deputy-Prime Minister responsible for the Board of Cambodia – Vietnamese friendship, and Sar Khéng, the Deputy-Prime Minister for the Interior… Hun Sen controls all sources of State or private Finance …, largely sufficient to pay for special services to militarily protect him ( personal body guard under the running of his son Hun Manet…). He used associations (the Federation of students and intellectuals Democrats of Cambodia and the Association of pupils, students and intellectuals residents of the pagodas) to threaten workers of NGOs including M.Sea Phearum of HRTF and those of the CCHR does more to continue their aid to residents of Boeumg Kak, Borei keila and other people driven out of their lands across the country. 21 NGOs (CCHR, CCIM, CICA, CDP, CFSWF, CHRAC, LICADHO, CWCD, CYN, CCFC, COMFREL, CLEC, EIC, CCC, CARAM, HRTF, IDEA, KYA, Lake, Cap, STT) denounced the accusation unfounded on Mr.Chan Soveth of ADHOC’s complicity with Bun Ratha accused arbitrarily as a secessionist in Kratie province, and sentenced in absentia to 30 years of prison ! Hun Sen inefficiently manages problems of the country by his mouth, without complying with laws: creation of volunteer students unit led by his son, Hun Manit, to resolve land conflicts and cadastral Affairs giving rise to many negative reactions. Everything is in his hands: his son Hun Manet holds the position of Deputy Head of Armed Forces; the police is entrusted to his nephew-in-law Net Savoeun; his body guard and the anti-terrorist unit are under the command of this same son Hun Manet. All other instances including gendarmerie, Court, NEC, communes, districts, provinces, Senate, National Assembly, Government, Court, Council of throne, Constitutional Council … are in the hands of the CPP… To added to various units created on behalf of the democratic bodies under the authority of Sok An and other strong men of the regime in the economy (oil, agriculture, forest, fishery, rubber trees, industry, commerce,…) , social, administration and more… (Unit of anti-corruption under Om Yin Tieng’s control, press unit and rapid response, TVs, Radios, State or private newspapers …). All these supports are paid with money of the State and of all origins (drugs, deforestation, corruption, embezzlement, state revenues, borrowings and uncontrolled debt, mafias,…). Hun Sen made the insults and blackmail to his Deputy Prime Ministers, Ministers, Secretaries of State and other… that their posts do not survive his death! This shows that all parliamentary and ministerial positions were obtained by the sole fact of manipulation of elections by Hun Sen: so he has every right to despise and trample all these leaders at his feet! This 2nd Kingdom has a dictator as Prime Minister and but the Viet Nam puppet behaving like a rogue insulting his countrymen through the TV with filthy words!.
b.Boycott of Elections,a tool of The Lotus Revolution.
If popular tsunamishave managed to throw down all supports, the dictatorship will fall. The people will no longer need to boycott these preposterous elections. If they fail to bring down these supports, they still require boycott of sham elections including those of July 28, 2013, to collect 2/3 or 4/5 of registered !This will then be the Grand Civil Generalized Desobedience that will completely block the functioning of the dictator regime. It will hesitate surely to openly commit genocide crimes, otherwise the dossier of crime against humanity already filed by Mr. Suon Serey Ratha in the Hague will then receive new evidences!The CPP Hun Sen will be disqualified to run the country! The people will become the holder of the power actually and legitimately. The international community will notice !
Launch peacefully together or separately these popular tsunamis!The Hun Sen regime will no more dare murder us openly! So far, he has secretly committed crimes in destroying evidence!The Paris Agreement, very precious, will have been useless if it does not inspire us to use it as a tool of liberation. Khmer – Americans in the USA will organize a demonstration on 19 October 2012 before the UN Headquarters to demand the application of the Paris agreement of 23 October 1991. Ideally, the khmer people, across the country, have to demonstrate peacefully, in popular tsunamis ,the lotus flowers and sticks of incense in hand, to demand the departure of the Vietnamese, claiming the independence of Cambodia and to overthrow the dictatorship!If we will not rebel, the international community will not do in our place! There are 4 objectives in The Lotus Revolution . Primo: Vietnamese decolonization before the end of 2012, to preserve every chance to stave off the irreversibility of the Vietnamization. Second: Overthrow of the dictatorship before July 28, 2013, to no longer give the legislative power to PPC – Hun Sen. Tertio: Once the dictatorship is overthrown, and the Viet Nam gone off, Cambodia will rebuild a regime wanted by the people. Quatro: Organization of free elections. To regain independence and defend territorial integrity, khmer people has no other choice than to deliver themselves a real and original liberation war. In accordance with the Geneva Agreement of 1954, the Paris Agreement of 23 October 1991, the Charter of the Universal Declaration of the Human rights and the Khmer Constitution of 1993, the people will not have to accept the fait accompli created by the CPP Hun Sen dictator and the Viet Nam, and especially should not rely on treacherous royalo-Communist leaders (CPP & CNRP) who are still trying and deceiving us by their politicking with their sham elections!
(Khmer Lotus Revolution)
DEA of philosophy-Sorbonne Paris
DESS computer documentary-Lyon I & ENSSIB